|Brief Profile of Bihar [from Department of Tourism, Bihar Govt]|
||Between 24° 20' 10" and
27°3'15" North Latitude 83° 19' 50" and 88°17'40" Eastern Longitude
||Clay Soil, Sandy Soil, Loamy Soil.
||Ganga , Saryu , Gandak ,Bagmati , Koshi ,
Sone ,Punpun , Phalgu
above Sea Level
||173 feet ( 53 meters)
Varies from a maximum of 44°C in Summer to a minimum of around 2.3°C in
the Winters (recorded in January'2003). Rainfall (1999)
Medium to Heavy :1384.3 mm (average)
||94163.00 Sq.Kms.(2001 Census)
||Bihar is well connected by roads.
NH 30 & 31 connects- Varanasi, Lucknow, New Delhi and Kolkata.
National Waterway No. 1 is used for cargo transport between Haldia
(West Bengal) and Patna.
Air services connect Patna with Kolkata, Ranchi, Lucknow, Kanpur,
Delhi, Guwahati, Ahmedabad, Varanasi and Kathmandu ( Nepal ) .
State is well connected by railway network - with major city of
Kolkata, Delhi, Ranchi, Bombay, Varanasi, Jammu, Guwahati, Chennai,
Bangalore, Kochin, Goa, Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodra, Indore, Amritsar.
Length of Road (1999-2000)
National Highway : 26594.75 Kms
State Highway : 11050.12 Kms
Other P.W.D Road : `15385.88 Kms
||North : Nepal
South : Jharkhand
East : West Bengal
West : Uttar Pradesh
||Length : North to South 345 kms.
Breadth : East to West 483 kms.
||Physiographically the entire state is part
of the Ganga-Plains. The formation of plains have come out with
sediments deposited by the River Ganga, Gandak and Sone. The River
Ganga divides whole Bihar into two physical divisions- the north Bihar
Plain and South Bihar Plain. The river system is the lifeline of the
It was once Capital of the Mighty Magadh Empire. Patna was known in
ancient times as Pataliputra, Pataligrama, Pushp Pur, Kusumpur and
Hon'ble Chief Minister, Bihar :
Shri Nitish Kumar
Hon'ble Minister, Tourism, Bihar :
Shri Ram Pravesh Rai.
Principal Secretary, Tourism, Bihar & CMD, Bihar State Tourism
Development Corporation, Patna:
Mrs. Rashmi Verma, IAS
Symbol of the City :Golghar
Important River: The Ganga
Important Bridge: The Mahatma Gandhi Setu
(The Longest River Road Bridge, across the River Ganga which connects
North Bihar (Hazipur) and South Bihar (Patna)
||Jayaprakash Narayan International Airport,
Patna; Gaya International Airport, Gaya
||Patna High Court
||Hindi / Urdu
||9 ( PATNA, MAGADH, SARAN, TIRHUT, DARBHANGA,
KOSHI, PURNEA, BHAGALPUR, AND MUNGER )
Patna, Nalanda, Rohtas, Bhabhua, Bhojpur, Buxar, Gaya, Jehanabad,
Nawada, Siwan, Gopalganj, Sitamarhi, Muzaffarpur, Shivahar, West
Champaran, East Champaran, Vaishali, Darbhanga, Madhubani, Samastipur,
Saharsa, Supaul, Madhepura, Purnia, Araria, Kishanganj, Katihar, Banka,
Bhagalpur, Munger, Lakhisarai, Aurangabad, Saran, Shekhpura, Jamui,
Khagaria and, Begusarai)
||880 per sq. Km.
(1991 Census ) Total Population (2001 Census)
8,28,78,796 ( Provisional )
||23.38 % [1981-91]
28.43 % [1991-2001]
||Patna, East Champaran and Muzaffarpur.
||Rice, Dal, Chapaties, Vegetables,
Non-Vegetarian items ; Items of Gram Flour; Litti-Chokha, and
||Hindi, Urdu & Local Dialects
||Chhath (Oct.- Nov.), Jeutia, Teej, Godhan,
Buddha Purnima, Shrawani Purnima (Kanwar Festival: when Pilgrims
collect holy water from the Ganga at Sultanganj and offer it to Lord
Shiva at Deoghar (Jharkhand), Madhu Shravani of Mithila,Pitripaksha etc.
||Madhubani Paintings, Appliqu� work, Bamboo
products, Jute products
||Harihar Kshetra (Sonepur) Cattle Fair is one
of the biggest Cattle fair in Asia. Shrawani Fair of Sultanganj.
Kurta-Dhoti, Kurta-Pajama, Pant-Shirt
Saree , Salwar-Kurta
||Lakhisarai, Gaya, West Champaran and East