Bihar Anjuman believes in self-help rather than charity

A Profile of Bihar [all info from official website of Bihar Govt]


For interesting facts about Bihar from Dr. Moiz Shams, Makkah Al-Mokarrama, click here

Bihar is located in the eastern part of the country (between 83-30' to 88-00' longitude). It is an entirely land–locked state, although the outlet to the sea through the port of Kolkata is not far away. Bihar lies mid-way between the humid West Bengal in the east and the sub humid Uttar Pradesh in the west which provides it with a transitional position in respect of climate, economy and culture. It is bounded by Nepal in the north and by Jharkhand in the south. The Bihar plain is divided into two unequal halves by the river Ganga which flows through the middle from west to east.
Bihar Districts: Tourist Map

 Map: Districts of Bihar

Brief Profile of Bihar [from Department of Tourism, Bihar Govt]
Geographical Location Between 24 20' 10" and 273'15" North Latitude 83 19' 50" and 8817'40" Eastern Longitude
Soil of Bihar Clay Soil, Sandy Soil, Loamy Soil.
Main Rivers Ganga , Saryu , Gandak ,Bagmati , Koshi , Sone ,Punpun , Phalgu
Height above Sea Level 173 feet ( 53 meters)
Climate Temperature
Varies from a maximum of 44C in Summer to a minimum of around 2.3C in the Winters (recorded in January'2003). Rainfall (1999)
Medium to Heavy :1384.3 mm (average)
Total Area 94163.00 Sq.Kms.(2001 Census)
Connectivity Bihar is well connected by roads.
NH 30 & 31 connects- Varanasi, Lucknow, New Delhi and Kolkata. National Waterway No. 1 is used for cargo transport between Haldia (West Bengal) and Patna. 
Air services connect Patna with Kolkata, Ranchi, Lucknow, Kanpur, Delhi, Guwahati, Ahmedabad, Varanasi and Kathmandu ( Nepal ) .
State is well connected by railway network - with major city of Kolkata, Delhi, Ranchi, Bombay, Varanasi, Jammu, Guwahati, Chennai, Bangalore, Kochin, Goa, Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodra, Indore, Amritsar.

Length of Road (1999-2000)
National Highway : 26594.75 Kms
State Highway : 11050.12 Kms
Other P.W.D Road : `15385.88 Kms
Geographical Boundaries North : Nepal
South : Jharkhand
East : West Bengal
West : Uttar Pradesh
Length & Breadth Length : North to South 345 kms.
Breadth : East to West 483 kms.
Physiography,Flora & Fauna Physiographically the entire state is part of the Ganga-Plains. The formation of plains have come out with sediments deposited by the River Ganga, Gandak and Sone. The River Ganga divides whole Bihar into two physical divisions- the north Bihar Plain and South Bihar Plain. The river system is the lifeline of the state.
State Capital PATNA
It was once Capital of the Mighty Magadh Empire. Patna was known in ancient times as Pataliputra, Pataligrama, Pushp Pur, Kusumpur and Azimabad.
Hon'ble Chief Minister, Bihar :
Shri Nitish Kumar
Hon'ble Minister, Tourism, Bihar :
Shri Ram Pravesh Rai.
Principal Secretary, Tourism, Bihar & CMD, Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation, Patna:
Mrs. Rashmi Verma, IAS

Symbol of the City :Golghar
Important River: The Ganga
Important Bridge: The Mahatma Gandhi Setu
(The Longest River Road Bridge, across the River Ganga which connects North Bihar (Hazipur) and South Bihar (Patna)
Airport Jayaprakash Narayan International Airport, Patna; Gaya International Airport, Gaya
High Court Patna High Court
State's Official Languages Hindi / Urdu
Divisions 9 ( PATNA, MAGADH, SARAN, TIRHUT, DARBHANGA, KOSHI, PURNEA, BHAGALPUR, AND MUNGER )
Districts 38 (Arwal, Patna, Nalanda, Rohtas, Bhabhua, Bhojpur, Buxar, Gaya, Jehanabad, Nawada, Siwan, Gopalganj, Sitamarhi, Muzaffarpur, Shivahar, West Champaran, East Champaran, Vaishali, Darbhanga, Madhubani, Samastipur, Saharsa, Supaul, Madhepura, Purnia, Araria, Kishanganj, Katihar, Banka, Bhagalpur, Munger, Lakhisarai, Aurangabad, Saran, Shekhpura, Jamui, Khagaria and, Begusarai)
Density of Population (2001) 880 per sq. Km.
Population
(1991 Census ) Total Population (2001 Census)
6,45,30,554

8,28,78,796 ( Provisional )
Population Growth Ratio 23.38 % [1981-91]
28.43 % [1991-2001]
Most Populous districts Patna, East Champaran and Muzaffarpur.
Food Habits Rice, Dal, Chapaties, Vegetables, Non-Vegetarian items ; Items of Gram Flour; Litti-Chokha, and Chura-Dahi (Curd).
Common Languages Hindi, Urdu & Local Dialects (Bhojpuri, Magahi,Maithili)
Festivals Chhath (Oct.- Nov.), Jeutia, Teej, Godhan, Buddha Purnima, Shrawani Purnima (Kanwar Festival: when Pilgrims collect holy water from the Ganga at Sultanganj and offer it to Lord Shiva at Deoghar (Jharkhand), Madhu Shravani of Mithila,Pitripaksha etc.
Art and Craft Madhubani Paintings, Appliqu� work, Bamboo products, Jute products
Important Fairs Harihar Kshetra (Sonepur) Cattle Fair is one of the biggest Cattle fair in Asia. Shrawani Fair of Sultanganj.
Traditional Costumes Male:
Kurta-Dhoti, Kurta-Pajama, Pant-Shirt
Female :
Saree , Salwar-Kurta
Districts having the largest area Lakhisarai, Gaya, West Champaran and East Champaran.

 Physical Features
Latitude         24-20'-10" ~ 27-31'-15" N  
Longitude 82-19'-50" ~ 88-17'-40" E
Rural Area 92,257.51 sq. kms
Urban Area 1,095.49 sq. kms
Total Area 94,163.00 sq. kms
Height above Sea-Level  173 Feet
Normal Rainfall 1,205 mm
Avg. Number of Rainy Days  52.5 Days in a Year
 
 Administrative Units
Divisions   9  
Districts 38
Sub-Divisions 101
CD Blocks 534
Panchayats 8,471
Number of Revenue Villages  45,103
Number of Urban Agglomerations  9
Number of Towns 130
    - Statutory Towns 125
    - Non-Statutory Towns 5
Police Stations 853
    - Civil Police Stations 813
    - Railway Police Stations 40
Police Districts 43
    - Civil Police District 39
    - Railway Police District 4
   
 Key Statistics - as per 2001 Census (Provisional)
Population   8,28,78,796  
    - Male 4,31,53,964
    - Female 3,97,24,832
Population (0~6 Years Group)  
    - In Absolute Numbers 1,62,34,539
   
83,75,532
   
78,59,007
    - Percentage of Total Population 19.59%
   
19.41%
   
19.78%
Literacy  
    - In Absolute Numbers 3,16,75,607
   
2,09,78,955
   
1,06,96,652
    - Percentage of Total Population 47.53%
   
60.32%
   
33.57%
Decadal Population Growth (1991-2001)   130
    - Absolute 1,83,48,242
    - As Percentage 28.43%
Highest Decadal Growth at Sheohar District (36.16%)
Lowest Decadal Growth at Nalanda District (18.64%)
    - Civil Police Stations 813
    - Railway Police Stations 40
Density of Population 880 per sq kms
    - Highest Density Patna, 1471 per sq kms
    - Lowest Density Kaimur, 382 per sq kms
Sex Ratio (Females/Thousand Males) 921
    - Highest Ratio (Siwan) 1,033
    - Lowest Ratio (Patna) 873
Highest Literacy Rate Patna, 63.82%
Lowest Literacy Rate Kishanganj, 31.02%
Average Population of a District 22,39,967
  1. State-wise Area, Population and Density of Population of India (Census 1991).
  2. State-wise (0~6) age group and (7+) age group Population of India (Census 1991).
  3. District-wise Area, Population, Density and Rural Urban Ratio of Bihar (Census 1991).
  4. District-wise (0~6) age group and (7+) age group Population of Bihar (Census 1991).
  5. District-wise Total Population, (0~6) and (7+) age group Population of Bihar (Census 2001, Provisional).
  6. District-wise Population, their percentage and Females per thousand Males (Census 1991).
  7. District-wise Population, Density and Sex-Ratio of Bihar, according to 2001 Census (Provisional).
  8. District-wise percentage Decadal Variation in Population since 1901 to 2001.
  9. District-wise mid-year Population of Bihar.
  10. Trend and Sex-wise percentage variation of Population in Bihar from 1901 to 1991.
  11. Distribution of Population by Age-Group and Sex, 1991 Census (India).
  12. Distribution of Population by Age-Group and Sex, in re-organised Bihar, (Census 1991).
  13. State/UT-wise Classification of Working Population in India -1991 Census (Column i ~ v).
  14. State/UT-wise Classification of Working Population in India -1991 Census (Column vi ~ ix).
  15. District-wise Classification of Working Population in Bihar - 1991 Census (Column i ~ v).
  16. District-wise Classification of Working Population in Bihar - 1991 Census (Column vi ~ ix).
  17. District-wise Number of Workers under different Economic Classification - 1981 (Census 1991).
  18. Percentage distribution of Workers in Bihar, (Census 1991).
  19. Projected Population of Bihar by age and sex on 1st July, 1996 to 2016.
  20. Birth-rates, Death-rates, Exponential Growth-rates (Bihar and All India).
  21. State/UT-wise Number of Towns in India, (Census 1991).
  22. District-wise Number of Towns in Bihar, (Census 1991).
  23. District-wise Number of Blocks, Villages and Police Stations in Bihar, (Census 1991).
  24. District-wise Population of SC, ST and their percentage to Total population in Bihar (1991 Census).
  25. State/UT-wise Number of Literates and Literacy per Thousand in India, (Census 1991).
  26. District-wise Number of Literates and Literacy rate in Bihar, (Census 1991).
  27. District-wise Number of Literates and Literacy rate in Bihar, according to 2001 Census (Provisional).
  28. District-wise Number of Occupied Residential Houses and Households in re-organised Bihar, (Census 1991).
  29. Net National Product at Factor Cost (India).
  30. Net Domestic Product by Economic Activity (All India) (At Current Prices).
  31. Net Domestic Product by Economic Activity (All India) (At 1993-94 Prices).
  32. Net State Domestic Product at Factor Cost by Industry of Origin at Current Prices.
  33. Net State Domestic Product at Factor Cost by Industry of Origin at Constant (1993-94) Prices.
  34. Pattern of Land Utilization, India.
  35. Classification of Land in re-organised Bihar.
  36. District-wise Classification of Land in re-organised Bihar. (Column 01 to 13)
  37. District-wise Classification of Land in re-organised Bihar. (Column 14 to 25)
  38. District-wise Classification of Land in re-organised Bihar. (Column 26 to 35)
  39. Number and Area of Operational Holding by size Class, 1990-91.
  40. Area and Production of Principal Crops in India.
  41. Area under Principal Crops in re-organised Bihar.
  42. District-wise Area under Cereals in re-organised Bihar.
  43. District-wise Area under Pulses in re-organised Bihar.
  44. District-wise Area under Pulses in re-organised Bihar during the year 1999-2000.
  45. District-wise Area under Cash Crops in re-organised Bihar.
  46. District-wise Area under Cash Crops in re-organised Bihar during the year 1999-2000.
  47. Out-turn of Major Crops in re-organised Bihar.
  48. District-wise Production of Cereals in re-organised Bihar.
  49. District-wise Production of Pulses in re-organised Bihar.
  50. District-wise Production of Pulses in re-organised Bihar During the year 1999-2000.
  51. District-wise Production of Cash Crops in re-organised Bihar.
  52. District-wise Production in Cash Crops in re-organised Bihar During the year 1999-2000.
  53. Average Yield of Principal Crops in India.
  54. Average Yield of Principal Crops in re-organised Bihar.
  55. Index Number of Area under Crops in India (Base-Trienium ending - 1981-82 = 100).
  56. Index No. of Area Under Crops in Bihar (Base Year - Triennium ending 1981-82).
  57. Index Number of Agriculture Production in India (Base-Trienium ending - 1981-82 = 100).
  58. Index No. of Agricultural Production in Bihar (Base Year - Triennium ending 1981-82).
  59. Index Number of Agricultural Yield in India (Base-Trienium ending - 1981-82 = 100).
  60. Index No. of Agricultural Productivity in Bihar (Base Year - Triennium ending 1981-82).
  61. Number and Area of Operational Holdings, wholly and Partly Irrigated (By Sizes) and their respective percentage in undivided Bihar, 1990-91.
  62. Gross Area under Irrigation by Crops in India.
  63. Gross Area under Irrigation by Crops in Bihar.
  64. District-wise Gross Area Irrigated by different Sources in Bihar.
  65. District-wise Net Area Irrigated by different Sources in Bihar.
  66. District-wise, Season-wise Average Rainfall in Bihar, 1997-1998.
  67. District-wise, Season-wise Average Rainfall in Bihar, 1998-1999.
  68. Number of Livestock and Poultry in Bihar in 1977 and 1982 Census.
  69. District-wise Number of Live-stock and Poultry in Bihar (According to 1982 Cattle Census).
  70. Number of Live-Stock slaughtered in recognized slaughter houses of Bihar.
  71. Area under Forest by Ownership in Bihar.
  72. Classification of Area under Forest in Bihar.
  73. Outturn of Reserved and Protected Forests in Bihar.
  74. Revenue from and Expenditure on Forests in Bihar.
  75. Production of Stick Lac in Bihar.
  76. Percentage Distribution of Stick Lac in India.
  77. Outturn of selected Minerals in India.
  78. Outturn of selected Minerals In Bihar (in '000 Tonnes).
  79. Value of Output of Selected Minerals in India.
  80. Value of Output of Selected Minerals in Bihar.
  81. Index Number of Mineral Productions of India (Quantity) (Base year : 1993-94 = 100).
  82. Production and Distribution of Electricity in Bihar.
  83. Percentage of Electrical Energy sold by the Bihar State Electricity Board.
  84. Number of Towns and Villages Electrified in Bihar.
  85. Annual Survey of Industries, Bihar.
  86. Annual Survey of Industries in India (Percentage Share Of Important States).
  87. Factory Statistics in Bihar.
  88. Volume of Production in selected industries in Bihar.
  89. Number of Co-operative Societies and Institutions Financed by Bihar Khadi and Village Industries Board.
  90. Production and Sale of Khadi and Gramodyog Articles in Bihar.
  91. Progress of Khadi Gramodyog in Bihar.
  92. Employment Exchanges in India.
  93. Employment Exchanges in Bihar.
  94. Number of Applicants on the Live Registers Classified by Broad Occupational Groups in Bihar.
  95. Average daily number of workers employed in mines in Bihar.
  96. Number of Different Types of Co-Operative Organisations in Bihar (Part-I).
  97. Number of Different Types of Co-Operative Organisations in Bihar (Part-II).
  98. Working of Co-Operative Banks in Bihar During 1988-89, 1989-90.
  99. Number and Coverage of Panchayats, Panchayat Samitis and Zila Parishads in Bihar.
  100. Length of Extra Municipal Roads by Surface in India.
  101. Motor Vehicles on Roads - India.
  102. Different kinds of Motor Vehicles on Road in Bihar.
  103. Postal Traffic and Earnings in India.
  104. Number of Permanent Post-Offices and Letter-Boxes in Urban and Rural Areas in Bihar.
  105. Number of Broadcasting Receiver Licences in Force in Bihar.
  106. Telephone Statistics in Bihar.
  107. Number of Tourists (Foreign and Indian) visited Bihar.
  108. Number of Hospitals, Dispensaries, Beds, Patients Treated, Medical Practitioners and Nurses in Bihar.
  109. District-wise Number of Hospitals, Dispensaries, Beds, Doctors, Nurses and Patients in Bihar, 2000.
  110. Birth and Death Rate of Bihar.
  111. Number of Recognized Educational Institutions in Bihar.
  112. Number of Students by Stages of Education in Bihar.
  113. Number of Teachers in Bihar.
  114. District-wise Percentage of Literacy in Bihar for Rural and Urban Area (Census 1991).
  115. District-wise Number of Permanent Cinema Houses in Bihar.
  116. Approved Number of Newspapers And Periodicals in Bihar, 2000 (Provisional) - (Part-I).
  117. Approved Number of Newspapers And Periodicals in Bihar, 2000 (Provisional) - (Part-II).
  118. Approved Number of Newspapers And Periodicals in Bihar, 2000 (Provisional) - (Part-III).

 Published by Directorate of Statistics, Planning & Development Dept., Govt. of Bihar.